New Report : Does euthanasia distort palliative care practice in Belgium?
Publié le : 02/12/2015
The purpose of this new Report published by the European Institute of Bioethics is to describe the Belgian model of "end of life care" that, since 2002, has aimed at developing "palliative care for all", while nonetheless authorizing the practice of euthanasia under certain conditions.
The thirteen years since the passage of this decree have culminated in a clash between two opinions:
* one affirms that the decriminalization of euthanasia has truly enabled the development of continuous, palliative care;
* the other, conversely, stresses that making euthanasia commonplace is cannibalizing, and, little by little, distorting the concept of palliative care, which, in principle, focuses on support until death, but without triggering it.
Today, so many foreign countries, are currently debating the future of palliative care in the context of aging populations, many people are watching the "Belgian laboratory" closely.
The European Federation of Palliative Care, just published a White Paper, which reaffirms that euthanasie must not be part of the palliative care practice. So why does Belgium act differently?
Does this create a confusion for confronted patients, care providers, and institutions with delicate new ethical issues?
Can we allow different institutional practices? In face of the ever more common place practice and social acceptance of
euthanasia, does this model not inevitably pressure physicians, patients and society at large to prescribe "an efficient end of life"?
Report in English or in French
- Euthanasie et suicide assisté(Le questionnement des pays étrangers est tel, que nous avons traduit pour eux notre analyse déjà parue en français et en néerlandais.) Identical twins (monozygotic) Eddy and Marc Verbessem were born deaf. Inseparable and single, they had always lived together under the same roof. They were euthanized together at their request on December 14, 2012 in the UZ Brussel (University hospital) in the borough of Jette. They were 45 years old.
Their request for euthanasia was based on a diagnosis of g...
- Euthanasie et suicide assistéDr Sarah Van Laer, who has euthanased 28 patients since legalisation in 2002, has complained bitterly to the Belgian newspaper De Standaard about the burdens of her work.
"It's too much for me. Lately I'm averaging one second opinion a week. Once a month, I am asked to perform the euthanasia itself... Recently I was called urgently for a patient who had been promised that euthanasia would take place that evening. But the doctor would not do it. When I came in I said I had come to see how...
- Euthanasie et suicide assistéUn certain nombre de médecins appartenant à la Levenseindekliniek aux Pays-Bas (clinique de fin de vie) s'irritent du fait que des pharmaciens leur auraient déjà refusé la vente des produits servant à euthanasier un patient.
Certains pharmaciens l'ont fait par conviction, d'autres parce qu'ils estimaient ne pas être en accord avec certains actes d'euthanasie notamment chez des personnes atteintes de démence, ou qui exprimaient tout simplement leur « fatigue de vivre ». Il arrive également qu'u...