A chorus of praise accompanied the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Medicine to Professor Edwards, inventor of in vitro fertilisation (IVF). However, there remain numerous objections.
Already, by dissociating sexual intercourse and procreation, human artificial insemination had opened the way for, with the gift of sperm, the deliberate dissociation between biological paternity and “social pa-ternity”. New family secrets were encouraged.
With IVF, embryos are no longer conceived under the protection of a mother's body, but rather in a laboratory. Eggs from a “donor” can be used and even embryos conceived by one couple can be transferred to another couple.
IVF and the possibility of freezing gametes and embryos have amplified the upset initiated by the inse-mination and have confirmed or caused new transgressions. In total 10 objections can be outlined.
- Assisted reproduction