Euthanasia Newborns: Protocol of Groningen
Actualités - Pays-Bas
Publié le : 05/02/2015
NEW ! Dossier : Now available in English
Until now, only three countries in the world have decriminalised euthanasia: the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. This practice is available only to people who are mentally competent when they apply (if necessary, via a declaration in advance requesting euthanasia).
A notable exception to the voluntary nature of the request for euthanasia concerns newborns who face suffering that is deemed intolerable and who have no prospect of enjoying an acceptable “quality of life” at any point in the future. In a text written in 2004, entitled the Groningen Protocol, Professor Eduard Verhagen, Head of the Department of Paediatrics at the Medical Center of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, provides criteria to enable doctors to deliberately end the life of severely ill newborns.
First we outline the content of the Groningen Protocol, specify its legal status in the Netherlands and present several statistics. Then we review the main criticisms of the Protocol. Finally, the issue of withholding futile medical care in the specific case of newborns is discussed.
- Euthanasie et suicide assistéJust-released statistics for Dutch euthanasia in 2011 show that the number of psychiatric patients who died has skyrocketed from 2 in 2010 to 13 last year. Euthanasia for people with dementia also rose substantially, to 49.
But euthanasia of all kinds rose. In 2011 there were 3,695 cases of euthanasia, an increase of 18% over the previous year. The figure is double the number in 2006. There were 4 cases of medical negligence, according to the report. One is being investigated by the public...
- Euthanasie et suicide assistéThe purpose of this new Report published by the European Institute of Bioethics is to describe the Belgian model of "end of life care" that, since 2002, has aimed at developing "palliative care for all", while nonetheless authorizing the practice of euthanasia under certain conditions.
The thirteen years since the passage of this decree have culminated in a clash between two opinions:
* one affirms that the decriminalization of euthanasia has truly enabled the development of continuous,...
- Euthanasie et suicide assistéLe "Protocole de Groningen " comprend une liste de critères qui permettent à un médecin de procéder à une euthanasie de bébés porteurs d'un handicap. En particulier, les parents doivent donner leur consentement, et le bébé doit souffrir de manière insupportable alors que son existence est sans espoir.
Cependant, depuis que le Gouvernement des Pays Bas a adopté ce protocole, aucun cas n'a été rapporté. En pratique, il semble que certains pédiatres optent pour l'arrêt de tout traitement, en ce ...